OPAL


All facts and figures taken from the GIA

OPAL

Fireworks. Jellyfish. Galaxies. Lightning. Opal’s shifting play of kaleidoscopic colors is unlike any other gem. Because opal has the colors of other gems, the Romans thought it was the most precious and powerful of all. The Bedouins believed that opals contained lightning and fell from the sky during thunderstorms. When Australia’s mines began to produce opals commercially in the 1890s, it quickly became the world’s primary source for this October birthstone.


MINERAL: Hydrated Silica
CHEMISTRY: SiO2•nH2O
COLOR: All colors
REFRACTIVE INDEX: 1.37-1.47
BIREFRINGENCE: None
SPECIFIC GRAVITY: 2.15 (+0.08, -0.90)
MOHS HARDNESS: 5 to 6.5


Opal is an October birthstone.

FOUND WHERE

Precious_Gemstone_Where_Found_Opal